Professor Dr Dejan Popović held the lecture “Taxes in ancient Rome”
On May 24th, 2019, on the last Forum meeting in this school year, Professor Dr Dejan Popović held the lecture “Taxes in ancient Rome”. Prof. Popović – a member of the Forum’s first generation – began his lecture with an introduction about taxes in antiquity in general, and then explained the taxes in Rome in more detail. He pointed out that there was no uniform tax system, but that a great diversity existed both in time, but in space as well – different types of taxes in different provinces, usually kept in the form that they had before Roman conquests, with some modifications. Using modern tax law terminology, Prof. Popović pointed out direct and indirect taxes, which would correspond to the latin terms tributa and vectigalia, as well as customs (portoria), and presented the taxes in each category in detail. He also spoke of the ways in which taxes were collected (by publicans according to a contract, or directly by state organs), and he finished his exposition with Diocletian’s tax reform.